- Evaluate My Situation
- File a Case
- Prepare My Case
- Appeal a Decision
- Find a Form
Option #2 - Raise Technical (Procedural) Issues
These may be ways to delay the hearing, however, it is rarely a “winning” strategy.
Improper Notice - Read the about service in Small Claims Court. The person who started the lawsuit (the plaintiff) must make every effort to notify you about the lawsuit by making sure that you receive a copy of the Complaint and Summons and other papers filed with the court.
Were you served properly? For example – If the notice was left with someone else in your apartment building, that would not be proper.
If you were not served properly, you should contact the court and tell the clerk about the problem.
You can ask that the case be dismissed. If the clerk does not allow this, you can show up in person and make the request. It is likely that the plaintiff will have you served again. You can ask to have the hearing postponed to allow you time to prepare.
Wrong Court – Usually the clerks will screen out cases that should have been filed in Circuit Court rather than District Court, but something may have happened that leads you to believe that Circuit Court is the correct place for the case to be heard. You can request that the case be transferred to Circuit Court. In addition, there are some cases that can be heard in either the Circuit Court or the District Court (called “concurrent jurisdiction”).
No Jurisdiction - If you do not live in Maryland or have a business here, it may not be appropriate to have a small claims case filed in Maryland. There are exceptions such as:
- if you were served in Maryland and the dispute occurred here OR
- you had a car accident here OR
- the case involves real estate that you own here.
You Want to Make a Demand for Proof - Maryland Court Rules (MD Rule 3-308) say that you have the right to demand proof that the other side has done certain things correctly. For example, if the plaintiff sued you in your name and should have sued your business, you can make a “demand for proof”. You must raise this type of issue before the trial is held.
This is a type of technical (procedural) challenge that you should not raise without talking to an attorney. This tactic is most likely helpful only to delay the trial, not to make the case disappear. You need to make clear to the court why this option would benefit you. Don’t raise it only to annoy the other side.
Wrong Venue - If the plaintiff filed in Dorchester County but you live and have a business in Talbot County where the dispute arose, the lawsuit may have been filed at the wrong court location. If a suit is brought in the wrong county, it can be transferred or dismissed. Cases will be transferred for the convenience of the parties or “in the interests of justice”. However, if you both appear for the hearing, the case can be heard, even if the county is not the correct one. MD Rule 3-326 allows for Dismissal or Transfer of Action
Source:A special project of the Eastern Shore Regional Library under a Library Services Technology Act grant from the Division of Library Development Services/MD State Department of Education (author: Ayn H. Crawley).
Is this legal advice?
This site offers legal information, not legal advice. We make every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information and to clearly explain your options. However we do not provide legal advice - the application of the law to your individual circumstances. For legal advice, you should consult an attorney. The Maryland State Law Library, a court-related agency of the Maryland Judiciary, sponsors this site. In the absence of file-specific attribution or copyright, the Maryland State Law Library may hold the copyright to parts of this website. You are free to copy the information for your own use or for other non-commercial purposes with the following language “Source: Maryland's People’s Law Library – www.peoples-law.org. © Maryland State Law Library, 2010.”