Immigration law is primarily governed by a federal statute known as the Immigration and Naturalization Act, 8 U.S.C. Sections 1101-1775. Although we have linked to an electronic version of the Act here, there are good reasons to research federal statutes in print. All Maryland law libraries and many Maryland public libraries (see SAILOR, Maryland's Online Public Information Network sponsored by Maryland public libraries) carry one of the commercial print versions of the United States Code: the United States Code Annotated or the United States Code Service. It is a good idea to do your federal statute research in one of these unofficial print versions of the Code, because they are both more up-to-date than the official Code, and because they include summaries of cases that interpret each statute. Free web versions of the U.S.C. do not provide case summaries and may not be completely up to date.
Regulations & Policy Documents
Immigration law does not end with the statutes. The statutes authorize U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and the Department of State to make legally binding regulations implementing the purposes of the statutes. Regulations made by the BCIS can be found in Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Those made by the State Department, which deal primarily with foreign diplomats in the United States, can be found in Title 22 of the C.F.R.
In addition to regulations, the USCIS and other federal agencies (including the U.S. Customs and Immigration Enforcement and the Executive Office of Immigration Review) issue other documents to help with the interpretation of the immigration laws. These include Operation Instructions, Interpretations, Administrative Decisions, and decisions from the Board of Immigration Appeals. Operation Instructions (OIs) and Interpretations supplement and clarify the provisions of the statute and regulations. They are not included in the regulations because they deal generally with procedural matters and do not deal directly with application and benefit requirements. Administrative Decisions are opinions issued by local and regional USCIS offices when they make decisions on individual immigration applications, and they provide clues as to how the USCIS is likely to rule on similar applications in the future, but they are not binding. The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) issues appellate administrative decisions that are binding on the USCIS offices responsible for enforcing immigration laws nationwide. Decisions of the BIA are binding on all USCIS officers and Immigration Judges unless modified or overruled by the Attorney General or a federal court. The USCIS and its sister agencies have also published several handbooks on various aspects of immigration law.
Court Rules & Forms
Annotated versions of the court rules applicable to all federal courts are available in the United States Code Annotated and the United States Code Service, which are available at many Maryland libraries. Each specific federal court has local rules that supplement these general rules. Links to the local rules of federal courts with jurisdiction in Maryland appear below.
- Local Rules of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland
- Local Rules of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
The courts also provide some forms on their web sites:
- United States District Court for the District of Maryland forms
- United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit forms
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services requires the use of its own forms for most purposes. Forms can be downloaded from the USCIS "Forms and Fees" page.
There are several ways to begin research into immigration case law. One way is to find the statutes that apply to your situation in the United States Code Annotated or the United States Code Service, then look at the case summaries that follow them. You can find additional cases by reading books that explain immigration law and noting the cases they cite. Another method of finding cases is to search the Federal Practice Digest, which is a subject index to federal case law. The Federal Practice Digest arranges summaries of published cases by legal issue using something called the "topic and key number" system. Once you know the topic and key number combination that represents your issue, look up that topic and key number in the Digest and you should find a list of summaries of cases that discuss your issue. Each summary includes a citation to the full text of a case.