Unemployment Insurance Benefits

Unemployment insurance provides benefits to persons who are unemployed through no fault of their own and who are able to work, available to work, and actively seeking work.

The current weekly benefit amount provided by the Maryland Unemployment Insurance Law ranges from $50 to $430 and is based upon the amount of money you earned from your previous employers during a specific time period.

Do these numbers change?

Read the Law: MD Code, Labor & Emp. § 8-803

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Eligibility: 

You must be unemployed:

  • through no fault of your own, and
  • able to work, available to work, and actively seeking work.

Read the Law: MD Code, Labor & Emp. § 8-101, 8-801, 8-802

Income Eligibility: 

None

Asset Eligibility: 

None

Apply at: 

After you become unemployed, file your claim as soon as possible

You can file your claim Online or call a claim center office.

You will need:

  • Your social security number, address, and phone number
  • If you are claiming dependents, you need their names, dates of birth, and social security numbers; and
  • The name(s), complete payroll address, telephone number, and the reason you are no longer working for each employer you worked for during the 18 month time period prior to the date you are applying for benefits.

After you file your initial application for benefits, you must continue to file claims for benefits every week in order to continue to be paid your weekly benefits. Information regarding this process can be found at www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/uiweeklyinitial.shtml

Answers to the most commonly asked questions about the unemployment insurance process can be found at www.dllr.state.md.us/employment/claimfaq.shtml

Appeals: 

Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing & Regulation Unemployment Insurance Appeals Information
 

  • After an individual applies for benefits, a claims examiner must determine whether or not that person will be awarded benefits.
  • You might receive a letter advising you that a claims examiner will be calling you to conduct a telephone interview to discuss your claim.
  • After the interview process is concluded, you will receive a written decision advising you whether or not you are entitled to receive benefits.
  • A claimant for unemployment insurance who has been denied benefits may file an appeal of that denial to the Appeals Division. Likewise, an employer may appeal a determination granting benefits to a former employee. The appeal must be filed in writing and must be filed within 15 calendar days from the date the determination was mailed. All appeals must be in writing and submitted by mail or fax. Detailed information about the date your appeal is due and where to fax or mail your appeal is contained in the letter. It is very important that you file your appeal on time.
  • If an appeal has been filed, you will receive a notice advising you of the date, time, and location of your hearing before a Hearing Examiner or a notice with instructions if your hearing is scheduled as a telephone hearing. It is very important that you appear for or participate in your hearing. If you fail to appear for your hearing, even if you are not the one who filed the appeal, you risk having your benefits denied.
  • After your hearing, the Hearing Examiner will issue a written decision. Either the claimant or the employer can appeal that decision to the Board of Appeals. The Hearing Examiner’s decision will advise you of the deadline date for filing your appeal and provides the address and fax number to which you must file your written appeal. It is very important that you file your appeal by the deadline.
  • The Board can do one of three things. It can review the Hearing Examiner’s decision and issue its own written decision, it can hold another hearing, or it can deny review of your appeal.
  • The Board's written decision (even if it denies review of your appeal) is appealable to the Circuit Court in any county in Maryland. The Court's review is limited to the record and you will not be permitted to introduce new evidence or new testimony. These proceedings are governed by Maryland Rules 7-201 through 7-209.

The Maryland Unemployment Decisions Digest contains summaries of the Board of Appeals’ decisions and the Maryland Court of Special Appeals and Court of Appeals’ decisions on the sections of the law most used by hearing examiners. The digest is a valuable tool for those building an unemployment insurance case.

Read the Law: MD Code, Labor & Emp. §8-806, 8-5A-07, 8-5A-10, 8-5A-11, 8-5A-12 and COMAR 09.32.11.01-04 (Lower Appeals Division – Appeals Procedure) and COMAR 09.32.06.01-11 (Board of Appeals – Appeals Procedure)

Sources of Law: 

Federal Law: 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 501-504 authorizes the allocation of funds to states that comply with federal requirements.

Federal Regulations: See the US Department of Labor's regulations on unemployment benefits (Employment and Training Administration).

The key laws in this area are the Maryland state law and the Maryland Regulations.

State Law:  Md. Ann Code Labor and Employment, Title 8

State Regulations:  COMAR 09.32.*

Is this legal advice?

This site offers legal information, not legal advice.  We make every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information and to clearly explain your options.  However we do not provide legal advice - the application of the law to your individual circumstances. For legal advice, you should consult an attorney.  The Maryland State Law Library, a court-related agency of the Maryland Judiciary, sponsors this site.  In the absence of file-specific attribution or copyright, the Maryland State Law Library may hold the copyright to parts of this website. You are free to copy the information for your own use or for other non-commercial purposes with the following language “Source: Maryland's People’s Law Library – www.peoples-law.org. © Maryland State Law Library, 2014.”