General Civil Rights Articles

  • Civil rights generally refers to the rights that individuals living in the United States have under the United States Constitution , certain federal laws, the Maryland constitution and certain state laws.
  • There are a number of federal and state laws that prohibit discrimination because of age, race, color, gender, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, religion, and pregnancy.
  • Several federal statutes (laws) allow people whose civil rights have been violated to sue the violator(s).
  • Federal and state law prohibits discrimination in the rental, sale, advertising and financing of housing on the basis of your race, color, religion, gender, national origin, family status.
  • Maryland law requires many of the Maryland state government agencies and programs to help you if you have trouble with English. The law covers many (but not all) agencies. The law covers many (but not all) languages. The law requires the agency to provide a free interpreter to help you speak with agency staff. The law also requires the agency to translate certain important document into your language.
  • Several Maryland laws prohibit retaliation against an employee who has disclosed wrongdoing by an employer.
  • In addition to the general requirements you must meet in order to vote in Maryland, there are special rules if you have been convicted of certain crimes and/or are currently under certain restrictions within the criminal justice system.
  • The Fifteenth Amendment (Amendment XV) to the United States Constitution prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" (i.e., slavery). It was ratified on February 3, 1870.
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