Students have certain rights when schools move to discipline them. Students have the right to bring help to discilinary proceedings. Also, principals and superintendents have different powers to suspend students.

Student Rights

  • Schools must allow students to look at their records.
  • Schools must allow students to give their side of the case.
  • Students can bring help. Students may have a friend, community member or an attorney come to their meetings with the school.
  • A teacher cannot suspend or expel a student.
  • Principals may give 10 days of suspension.
  • The Superintendent’s office may remove a student more than 10 days! Some Superintendents use names like Chief Executive Officer.Schools should have study options for students removed from school.

Police and Department of Juvenile Services

Sometimes, the school is required to notify the police. The school police bring students to the Department of Juvenile Services (DJS). DJS decides if the case should go to court for criminal charges. Go to all meetings with DJS.


Youth over age 16 may leave school if they wish. Schools may not force students to withdraw from school. Do not sign withdrawal papers, even if the school says you have to.

Types of Suspension or Expulsion

Short Term Suspension 

  • 10 days or less.
  • Only the principal or assistant principal can suspend you.
  • Extended or Long Term Suspension 
  • These last more than 10 days. Check your student handbook to see how long they can last.
  • Only the superintendent can remove a student more than 10 days
  • The school must let you bring witnesses and evidence.
  • You may bring an attorney or a friend to help you.
  • The school should provide an education program for the student. (This is called alternative education).


  • Lasts longer than Extended Suspension.
  • Only the Superintendent can expel students
  • Students may present witnesses and evidence at the superintendent’s meeting
  • You may bring an attorney or a friend to help you.
  • The school should provide an education program for the student. (This is called alternative education).


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