In Maryland, crimes are either considered felonies or misdemeanors. Traditionally, felonies are considered more serious crimes, but in fact, both felonies and misdemeanors can carry very long sentences.
Under Maryland law, a crime is a felony if either:
- The crime has historically been a felony under the common law (this includes murder, manslaughter, robbery, rape, burglary, larceny, arson, sodomy and mayhem); OR
- The statute defining the crime says that the crime is a felony.
Under Maryland law, if a crime is not a felony, it is a misdemeanor.