The details of how the court process will work (called “procedure”) are found in the Maryland Rules.
Different rules apply to different types of cases.
The rules that generally apply to civil cases in Circuit Courts are found in Title 2 of the Maryland Rules. Read the Rules: MD Rules Title 2
The rules that generally apply to civil cases in District Courts are found in Title 3 of the Maryland Rules. Read the Rules: MD Rules Title 3
Small claims and landlord-tenant cases are considered “special proceedings" under the District Court Rules. Certain aspects of these special proceedings have their own rules.
You will find the special rules for small claims in MD Rule 3-701. The trial court will be more informal under these special rules. If there is no special rule on your particular issue, then the general rules (MD Rules Title 3 excluding Chapter 7) apply.
- For example, MD Rule 3-701(e) says that there will be no discovery allowed in small claims cases (i.e. cases in which $5,000 or less is in dispute). If your claim is for only $50 more ($5,050), however, discovery is allowed under the regular District Court rules. See MD Rules Title 3, Chapter 400. Meaning that more complicated rules will apply for your case. You need to be prepared.
- You will find the special rules for landlord-tenant cases in MD Rule 3-711.