In October of 2011, Maryland’s statewide retaliatory eviction law was amended in several ways. Among other things, the amended law now describes a landlord’s prohibited activities as retaliatory actions instead of evictions. The amendment also eliminated a previous requirement that a tenant prove that the landlord’s prohibited action was solely motivated by retaliation.
|It is a “retaliatory action” for a residential landlord:||For any of the following reasons:|
|The landlord’s “retaliatory action” is prohibited if:|
A tenant may respond to her landlord’s retaliatory action in one of two ways: by raising the retaliation as a defense against the landlord’s court action to evict the tenant; or by filing a court claim seeking monetary compensation for damages resulting from the landlord’s retaliatory action. If a court decides that the landlord committed a prohibited retaliatory action, then that court may order the landlord to pay compensation of an amount of money equivalent to as much as three months of rent, plus reasonable attorney fees and court costs.
Note: In addition to the protections against a landlord’s retaliatory actions that are listed above, Maryland also specifically prohibits retaliatory actions against persons who report lead poisoning. Maryland counties also may have ordinances that provide greater protection against landlord retaliation than the statewide law. A county ordinance prohibiting retaliatory actions applies so long as it provides greater protection than the statewide law. Read the Law: Maryland Code, Real Property, Sections 8-208.1 and 8-208.2