COVID-19 Information Update
Maryland courts are currently closed to the public; however, the courts will continue to hear certain types of emergency matters.
Domestic Violence and Peace Orders
Call first to provide information and for instructions on where to go. Once the commissioner issues an interim order, a judge will determine whether the next hearing must be heard in person, can be heard with remote electronic participation, can be scheduled after the emergency period has ended, or can be resolved without a hearing. More information for the public is available on the Maryland Courts website.
The District Court of Maryland's Communication Regarding Domestic Violence Protective Orders, Peace Orders and Extreme Risk Protective Orders provides more information about hearing dates and interim orders.
At different stages of a domestic violence case, judges have the power to order different kinds of relief to the complaining party. The table below lists the options that a judge has at each stage of the case.
|Topic||The Commissioner (IPO) or Judge (TPO or FPO) can order the respondent to:||Interim Order
(IPO) FL 4-504.1
(TPO) FL 4-505
|Final Order (FPO)|
|Abuse and threats||Refrain from further abuse or threats of abuse.||X||X||X|
|Not contact, attempt to contact or harass the Person Eligible for Relief.||X||X||X|
|Stay away||Not enter the residence of Person Eligible for Relief.||X||X||X|
|If Person Eligible for Relief & Respondent are living together at the time of abuse,
|Stay away from the Person Eligible for Relief’s place of employment, school, or temporary residence.||X||X||X|
|Stay away from the residence of any family member of Person Eligible for Relief.||X||X||X|
|Child(ren)||If there is an allegation of child abuse can order custody of the minor child.||X||-||-|
|If Person Eligible for Relief & Respondent are living together at the time of abuse:
|If there is an allegation of child abuse:
|Stay away from the Person Eligible for Relief’s child care provider while the PEFR’s child is
|Can order temporary custody of the minor child of the Person Eligible for Relief
|Can order temporary visitation and
|Vulnerable adult||If there is an allegation of abuse of a vulnerable adult,
|Other types of Protection||If necessary for the employment of the Person Eligible for Relief or the care of a minor child,
|Order temporary use and possession of the home by an adult living in the house.||-||X||X|
|Respondent can be ordered to surrender any guns owned by the respondent
to law enforcement (for the duration of the protective order)
|Respondent can be ordered to attend domestic violence counseling.||-||-||X|
|Person Eligible for Relief can be ordered to attend in domestic violence counseling||-||-||X|
|Respondent to pay emergency financial maintenance to any Person Eligible for Relief whom the respondent is obligated to support||-||-||X|
|Court can order the family maintenance payment withheld from the Respondent’s earnings||-||-||X|
|Permanent Protective Order After Conviction and Imprisonment - permanent order issued against an individual that was convicted and served a term of at least five years of imprisonment.||X|