Do I need a work permit?

A few jobs do not require a work permit:  Any minor (child under the age of 18 years) may work the following types of jobs without a work permit, as long as the work is not performed during school hours:

  • Farm work;
  • Domestic work;
  • Working for a parent’s business;
  • Caddying at a golf course;
  • Teaching on a sailboat;
  • Delivering newspapers;
  • Making an evergreen wreath in or near a home;
  • Acting as a counselor or instructor at a youth camp; or
  • Performing unpaid volunteer work. 

Age 14-17:  If you are between the ages of 14 and 17 years, you must have a work permit to work any other job.

Age 0-13:  If you are under the age of 14 years, you may not work any other job unless you get a special permit to be employed as an entertainer, model, or performer. 

Read the law: MD Code Labor & Employment §§ 3-203, 3-207, & 3-209

Steps to get a work permit:

  1. Get a job offer
  2. Get a work permit application from your school or apply online at the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation Employment of Minors (Work Permit) page.
  3. You, your parent/guardian, and your employer must sign the permit.
  4. Bring the permit and your proof of age (identification) to school and have it signed.

Remember:  If you change jobs you need a new permit!

Read the law: MD Code Labor & Employment § 3-206

Other work rules that apply to minors:

If you are 14 and 15 years old, you may NOT work:

  • more than 4 hours on any day when school is in session
  • more than 8 hours a day when school is not in session
  • more than 23 hours in a week when school is in session for 5 days
  • more than 40 hours in a week when school is not in session
  • before 7 am or after 8 pm, Labor Day through Memorial Day
  • before 7 am or after 9pm, Memorial Day through Labor Day

Read the law: MD Code Labor & Employment § 3-211

If you are 16 and 17 years old:

  • You may not exceed more than 12 school and work hours in a single day
  • You must have 8 consecutive hours, every day, that are neither school nor work time
  • You may not work more than 5 consecutive hours without a break (non-working time)

Read the Law: MD Code Labor & Employment § 3-210

The law also lists certain jobs that minors are not allowed to do.

Read the Law: MD Code Labor & Employment 3-213

Are parents entitled to a minor’s income?

In Maryland, your parents may be allowed to take control of the money you earn if you are under the age of 18. The Court of Appeals of Maryland has stated that a parent has a right to a child’s earnings. But that right may be lost in certain circumstances. For instance, a parents right a child’s earnings can be lost where the parent abandons or neglects the child, or forces the child to leave the home. Lucas v. Maryland Drydock Co., 182 Md. 54 (Md. 1943).

Source: 

Site Contributors (see www.peoples-law.org/contributors)

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